Bryoparasitic Pezizales

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Lamprospora dicranellae Benkert
Zeitschrift für Mykologie 53(2): 217 (1987)

Lamprospora dicranellae, apothecia Lamprospora dicranellae, ascospores
1: Lamprospora dicranellae, apothecia with Ditrichum heteromallum 2: Lamprospora dicranellae, ascospores stained with lactophenol-cotton-blue, Portugal, Madeira, leg. J. Eckstein no. 10769, 2013-03-04
Apothecia: 1-3 mm in diameter, orange to pale orange, with small membranaceous margin
Asci: cylindric, 8-spored, spores uniseriate
Ascospores: globose, 12-14 µm without ornament, (13)14-16(18) µm inclusive ornament, ornamentation consisting of irregular partly interconnecting coarse ridges which sometimes form a reticulate pattern, and prominent warts between the ridges
Host: Ditrichum heteromallum, Ditrichum spec.
Habitat: on disturbed soil with pioneer mosses, especially in montane regions
Distribution: rare in Germany (BY, NI, NW, RP, SN, ST, TH) also known from Canary Islands (La Gomera), Czech Republik, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Madeira, Norway, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands, USA
Note: The name "dicranellae" refers to the moss Dicranella which was believed to be the host at the time of the original description. In fact, Dicranella is a common associate of Lamprospora dicranellae in Central Europe. However, the host was found to be Ditrichum (Benkert 2009).

References:
  • Benkert, D. 1976. Bemerkenswerte Ascomyceten der DDR. I. Zu einigen Arten der Gattung Lamprospora. - Feddes repertorium 87: 611-642. [ut Lamprospora ascoboloides]
  • Benkert, D. 1987a. Beiträge zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lamprospora (Pezizales). - Zeitschrift für Mykologie 53: 195-271.
  • Benkert, D. 1995. Becherlinge als Moosparasiten. - Boletus 19: 97-127.
  • Benkert, D. 2009. Zwei neue Arten bryophiler Pezizales (Ascomycota) aus der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und Auflistung der aus Deutschland bisher nachgewiesenen Arten mit Kurzdiagnostik. - Zeitschrift für Mykologie 75: 51-68.
  • Brouwer, E. 1999. Mosschijfjes (Lamprospora en Octospora): voorkomen en verspeiding in Nederland. - Coolia 42: 2-20.
  • Caillet, M. & Moyne, G. 1991. Clé de détermination du genre Octospora et des genres voisins. - Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle du Doubs 84: 9-24.
  • Eckstein, J., Eckstein, G. & Vega, M. 2014. Bemerkenswerte Funde bryoparasitischer Pezizales (Ascomycota) aus Deutschland II. - Boletus 35: 17-25. abstract
  • Engel, H. & Hanff, B. 1987. In Nordwestoberfranken und seinen angrenzenden Gebieten (Unterfranken) gefundene Arten der Gattungen Lamprospora De Notaris und Ramsbottomia W. D. Buckley emend. D. Benkert u. T. Schumacher. - Die Pilzflora Nordwestoberfrankens 11/A: 3-31.
  • Korf, R. P. & Zhuang, W. Y. 1991. A preliminary discomycete flora of Macaronesia: Part 16, Otideaceae, Scutellinioideae. - Mycotaxon 40: 79-106.
  • Krieglsteiner, L. 2004. Pilze im Biosphären-Reservat Rhön und ihre Einbindung in die Vegetation. - Regensburger Mykologische Schriften 12: 1-770.
  • Rubio, E., Suárez, A. & Miranda, M. A. 2002. Estudios preliminares sobre los generos Lamporspora de Natais y Ramsbottomia W. D. Buckley (Ascomycetes, Pezizales) en Asturias. - Bol. Soc. Micol. Madrid 26: 61-82.
  • Schumacher, T. K. 1993. Studies in arctic and alpine Lamprospora species. - Sydowia 45: 307-337. [ut L. ascoboloides]
  • Wang, Y. Z. & Kimbrough, J. W. 1992. Monographic studies of North American species of Octospora previously ascribed to Lamprospora (Pezizales, Ascomycetes). - Special Publication no. 4, National Museum of Natural Science (Taiwan). PDF
  • Yao, Y. J. & Spooner, B. M. 1995. Notes on British species of Lamprospora and Ramsbottomia. - Mycological Research 99: 1521-1524.
Images:
Lamprospora dicranellae, SEM-image of ascospore Lamprospora dicranellae, asci with ascospores
3: Lamprospora dicranellae, SEM-image of ascospores 4: Lamprospora dicranellae, asci with ascospores

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