Bryoparasitic Pezizales

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Neottiella aphanodictyon (Kobayasi) Dissing, Korf & Sivertsen
Dissing & Sivertsen, Mycotaxon 16(2): 458 (1983)

Basionym: Aleuria aphanodictyon Kobayasi, Annual Report Institute Fermentation, 1965-66 3: 39 (1967) [1965-66]
Type: Alaska, Lake Peters, 'scattered on bare peat soil', 1965-Aug-19, Y. Kobayashi (holotype No. 80 in US [holotype lost, stated in Dissing, H. & Sivertsen, S. 1983b])

Synonyms: show
Neottiella aphanodictyon Neottiella aphanodictyon
1: Neottiella aphanodictyon, apothecium between shoots of Polytrichum juniperinum, Spain, La Rioja, Sorzano, 2019-Feb-16 R. Martínez-Gil, image by R. Martínez-Gil 2: Neottiella aphanodictyon, ascospores stained with cotton blue, Spain, La Rioja, Sorzano, 2019-Feb-16 R. Martínez-Gil, image by R. Martínez-Gil
Apothecia: large, 6-13 mm in diameter, cup-shaped with a stem-like base, margin and outside of apothecium with hyaline hairs
Asci: 240-270 x 18-21 µm, 8-spored, spores uniseriate
Paraphyses: straight to curved apically
Ascospores: ellipsoid, 19-24 x 10-12.5 µm, hyaline, ornamentation consisting of delicate, curved ridges. The ornamentation is hardly visible with 1000x magnification but becomes clearly visible after staining with lactophenol-cotton-blue.
Host: probably Polytrichum juniperinum, Polytrichastrum alpinum
Habitat: on soil, in open, base-poor habitats, together with Polytrichaceae, mostly in arctic-alpine habitats
Distribution: in Germany only found once (BB) also known from Alaska, Austria, Czech Republic, France, Greenland, Madeira, Norway

References:
  • Benkert, D. 1994b. Beiträge zur Kenntnis bryophiler Pezizales-Arten. 2. Die Identität von Peziza albo-cincta Berk. & Curt. - Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Pilze Mitteleuropas 9: 131-138.
  • Benkert, D. 1998d. Beiträge zur Kenntnis bryophiler Pezizales - Arten. 8. Neottiella megapolitana spec. nov. und einige weitere bemerkenswerte Neottiella-Funde aus Nordostdeutschland. - Zeitschrift für Mykologie 64: 153-161. PDF
  • Benkert, D. 2009. Zwei neue Arten bryophiler Pezizales (Ascomycota) aus der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und Auflistung der aus Deutschland bisher nachgewiesenen Arten mit Kurzdiagnostik. - Zeitschrift für Mykologie 75: 51-68.
  • Caillet, M. & Moyne, G. 1991. Clé de détermination du genre Octospora et des genres voisins. - Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle du Doubs 84: 9-24. [ut Octospora borealis]
  • Dissing, H. & Sivertsen, S. 1983b. Operculate Discomycetes from Rana (Norway) 5. Rhodoscypha gen. nov. and Rhodotarzetta gen. nov. - Mycotaxon 16: 441-460.
  • Moravec, J. 1997. Fungi of the Kilimanjaro - II. Octospora kilimanjarensis sp. nov., a new species of the section Neottiellae (Discomycetes, Pezizales) 49: 149–161.
  • Poulain, M. & Moyne, G. 1997. Octospora borealis (Eckblad) Caille & Moyne. - Bull. Féd. Myc. Dauphiné-Savoie 144: 147-150. [ut Octospora borealis]
Images:
Neottiella aphanodictyon
3: Neottiella aphanodictyo, apothecium between shoots of Polytrichum juniperinum, Spain, La Rioja, Sorzano, 2016-Mar-06 R. Martínez-Gil, image by R. Martínez-Gil

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